From a neurobiological perspective, addiction is the hijacking of the pleasure-reward pathways of the brain and a weakening of its executive function. In 2022, the fundamental model has been expanded to include newer concepts such as motivational circuitry and anti-reward pathways. These 21st century discoveries inform clinical innovations that are now changing the landscape of the pharmacological and psychosocial treatments of substance use disorders and the behavioral addictions.
- Explain the basic elements of drive and cognition in the neurobiology of addiction
- Describe the anti-reward pathways of the brain
- Discuss clinical implications of the neurobiology of addiction in treating substance use disorders and the behavioral addictions